Musa corniculata Lour. Musa x paradisiaca (M. acuminata x M. balbisiana) is a sterile triploid that is cultivated in warm climates for its tasty yellow-skinned fruit (bananas).


Musa × paradisiaca is the accepted name for the hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. [1], In pre-Linnean times this banana was named 'Musa serapionis', for instance by Maria Sybilla Merian in her Metamorphosis insectorum Surinamensium of 1705.[6].

Musa decrescens De Briey ex De Wild. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. Cultivated varieties are now given cultivar names, with the cultivars classified into groups and subgroups. Musa paradisiaca. The 1753 name Musa paradisiaca L. for plantains and Musa sapientum L. for dessert bananas are now known to refer to hybrids, rather than natural species.

At one time, to deal with the great diversity of cultivated bananas and plantains, botanists created many other names which are now regarded as synonyms of M. × paradisiaca, such as M. corniculata Lour.,[5] used for a group of plantains with large fruit resembling the horns of a bull. Gradstein & Celis, M. Musa dacca Horan. Cultivars of M. × paradisiaca are usually sterile, without seeds or viable pollen. [3] See List of banana cultivars for further information on the naming and classification of cultivars. It was later discovered that both of his "species" were actually cultivated varieties of the hybrid between two wild species, M. acuminata and M. balbisiana, which is now called M. × paradisiaca L.[5] The circumscription of the modern taxon M. × paradisiaca thus includes both the original M. paradisiaca and M. sapientum, the latter being reduced to a synonym of M. × paradisiaca. The Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition Project is a multi-country, multi-partner initiative led by Brazil, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Turkey and funded by the Global Environment Facility, the world’s largest public funder of international environmental projects. It is known today that most cultivated seedless bananas are hybrids or polyploids of two wild banana species - Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. Musa berteroi Colla Musa bidigitalis De Wild. Common name:

List of banana cultivars – Classification,×_paradisiaca&oldid=985182428, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 13:23. (2015). Common name: Ash Plantain Local name: Alu Kesel Country: Sri Lanka Food Group(s): Fruit. flesh without seeds, raw. They are typically 2–9 metres (7–30 ft) tall when mature.,, Musa arakanensis F.W.Ripley ex Blechynden, Musa balbisiana var. After fruiting, the pseudostem dies, but offshoots may develop from the base of the plant. 4th International Conference on Global Food Security. Protective Effect of Musa paradisiaca Fruit Extract On L-Arginine Induced Acute Pancreatitis In Rats / Veena Gadicherla, Siva R Challa, Basaveswara Rao M V, Veena Rani I, Geetha Parvathi A / International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Innovations, Oct-Dec 2018; Vol 6, Issue 4: pp 217-224 DOI It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. To do this, it gathers others, be they collective or individual. Thus M. × paradisiaca 'Horn' is a cultivar belonging to the AAB genome group, Plantain subgroup. Sri Lanka, Food Group(s): Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, D.C. Disponible en, Flora Brasilensis,Vol 3 Part 3 pag. [4], Banana plants were originally classified by Linnaeus into two species, which he called Musa paradisiaca for those used as cooking bananas (plantains), and M. sapientum for those used as dessert bananas. It is believed that Southeast Asian farmers first domesticated M. acuminata.

It is known to produce objects and actions for exhibitions and events. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Linnaeus originally used the name M. paradisiaca only for plantains or cooking bananas, but the modern usage includes hybrid cultivars used both for cooking and as dessert bananas. It is commonly called edible banana or French plantain. Imagine a series of encounters. Musa paradisiaca* Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: MUSACEAE: English name: Banana: Local name: Kesel: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Pseudostems moderately blotched. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. The name Musa paradisiaca is originally used only for plantains or cooking bananas, but the modern usage includes hybrid cultivars used both for cooking and as dessert bananas. 6-8 tab. Each pseudostem can produce a single flowering stem.

Fruit, Part of plant/stage of process: Ash Plantain, Country: A guide to mainstreaming biodiversity into policies and programmes. ex Rodigas) M.R.Almeida, Bernal, R., S.R. 1,1890. When the cultivated plants spread north-west into areas where M. balbisiana was native (see map), hybrids between the two species occurred and were then developed further into a wide range of cultivars. The common names banano, banana, plantain, cambur, topocho, maduro and guineo refer to a large number of herbaceous plants of the genus Musa. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Homonyms Musa paradisiaca L. Common names Banane in German Ess-Banane in German Most cultivated bananas and plantains are triploid cultivars either of this hybrid or of M. acuminata alone. Musa carolinae Sterler Musa champa Baker Musa chapara Perr.

Almost all cultivated plantains and many cultivated bananas are triploid cultivars of M. × paradisiaca. [3], Hundreds of cultivars of M. × paradisiaca are known, possessing characteristics that are highly variable, but broadly intermediate between the ancestral species. Petiole margins of adaxial groove erect to incurved, winged proximally. Musa chiliocarpa Backer Musa chiliocarpa Backer ex K.Heyne Musa corbieri A.Chev. Musa paradisiaca is run by Eduardo Guerra and Miguel Ferrão, since 2010. normalis Kuntze: MUSA: Musa sapientum L. Classification. We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. Scientific Name; MUORN: Musa ornata Roxb. Linnaeus originally used the name M. paradisiaca only for plantains or cooking bananas, but the modern usage includes hybrid cultivars used both for cooking and as dessert bananas.