Al-Khwarizmi should be given credit for taking Pandit and Greek ideas, and putting it in one book. A solution was also given by Fermat in his Relation. . SKS, it is obvious you aren’t interested in the truth. A linear equation is a first-degree equation, or one in which all the variables are only to the first power.

India is a respectable country, with many contributions toward mathematics and science, but they cannot take credit for the creation of algebra.

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I posted some links to videos which are detailed with khawrzimi being the father of algebra. "[85], Nevertheless, the Hispano-Arabic hypothesis continues to have a presence in popular culture today. That is the earliest known algebra book. = You people have no shame! ) Knowledge is bestowed by God. Bhaskara (1114-c. 1185) Sumerian/Babylonian Mathematics

1 Instead of looking at the LATEST evidence, you just want to hold on to some inaccurate information. 930)

According to one history, "[i]t is not certain just what the terms al-jabr and muqabalah mean, but the usual interpretation is similar to that implied in the previous translation. Even the word “algebra” comes from the Arab word “al-Jabr”. These propositions and their results are the geometric equivalents of our modern symbolic algebra and trigonometry.

The historian of mathematics F. Woepcke, in Extrait du Fakhri, traité d'Algèbre par Abou Bekr Mohammed Ben Alhacan Alkarkhi (Paris, 1853), praised Al-Karaji for being "the first who introduced the theory of algebraic calculus".

x

d

In the 13th century, the solution of a cubic equation by Fibonacci is representative of the beginning of a revival in European algebra.

Algebra, branch of mathematics in which arithmetical operations and formal manipulations are applied to abstract symbols rather than specific numbers.

Upon return to the Arab countries, they started teaching it and subsequently this guy Al Jabr wrote this book and and everyone accredited him to be the founder of Algebra.

[49] Many of these Greek works were translated by Thabit ibn Qurra (826–901), who translated books written by Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius, Ptolemy, and Eutocius. English translations of the mathematical chapters of the Brahma-siddhanta and Siddhanta-ciromani by H. T. Colebrooke (1817), and of the Surya-siddhanta by E. Burgess, with annotations by W. D. Whitney (1860), may be consulted for details. m . Required fields are marked *. 2 [36] Also, no general method may be abstracted from all Diophantus' solutions. The four elements, called heaven, earth, man and matter, represented the four unknown quantities in his algebraic equations.

=

Your claim that Indus civilizations are OLD thus the source of Algebra is juvenile at best. {\displaystyle \ d} As the Islamic world was declining after the 15th century, the European world was ascending.

Some of them, they haven’t even tested yet for the age. Sankara Varman (fl. The starting point for a problem could be relations involving specific numbers and the unknown, or its square, or systems of such relations. x + x1 = m1 = [63] And even though al-Khwarizmi most likely knew of Brahmagupta's work, Al-Jabr is fully rhetorical with the numbers even being spelled out in words. [14], Furthermore, there are also geometric solutions given to many equations. = You have no clue what you are talking about. Hellenistic Mathematics

There were even students from China studying in Nalanda University in the early part of the first millennium. Leibniz realized that the coefficients of a system of linear equations could be arranged into an array, now called a matrix, which can be manipulated to find the solution of the system, if any. , [2], Algebra did not always make use of the symbolism that is now ubiquitous in mathematics; instead, it went through three distinct stages. Egyptian Mathematics

[65] The Egyptian mathematician Abū Kāmil Shujā ibn Aslam (c. 850–930) was the first to accept irrational numbers (often in the form of a square root, cube root or fourth root) as solutions to quadratic equations or as coefficients in an equation. Another Hellenistic mathematician who contributed to the progress of algebra was Hero of Alexandria, as did the Indian Brahmagupta in his book Brahmasphutasiddhanta. Even the number system, base 10 system, is Indian. Algebra is a branch of math where you to use symbols, usually letters of the alphabet, to solve problems. He is known for having written Arithmetica, a treatise that was originally thirteen books but of which only the first six have survived. {\displaystyle a^{2}-b^{2}=(a+b)(a-b)} In between the rhetorical and syncopated stages of symbolic algebra, a geometric constructive algebra was developed by classical Greek and Vedic Indian mathematicians in which algebraic equations were solved through geometry. So, can we say that Gupta got his math from them? [46] He was the first to give a general solution to the linear Diophantine equation ax + by = c, where a, b, and c are integers. (

The dots over the numbers indicate subtraction. [6], The Rhind Papyrus, also known as the Ahmes Papyrus, is an ancient Egyptian papyrus written c. 1650 BC by Ahmes, who transcribed it from an earlier work that he dated to between 2000 and 1800 BC.

− q n "[1] The term is used by al-Khwarizmi to describe the operations that he introduced, "reduction" and "balancing", referring to the transposition of subtracted terms to the other side of an equation, that is, the cancellation of like terms on opposite sides of the equation. You aren’t even looking at the evidence. x + x2 = m2 [14] Today, using modern symbolic algebra, we let symbols represent known and unknown magnitudes (i.e.

Despite its grounding in practical affairs, this book is the primary source that contributed to the development of the algebraic system that we know today. For example, x + y = z or b - 2 = 5 are algebraic equations, but 2 + 3 = 5 and 73 * 46 = 3,358 are not.

And it makes sense.

In the preface to his Arithmeticae libri duo et totidem Algebrae (1560) he says: "The name Algebra is Syriac, signifying the art or doctrine of an excellent man.

Origin of the Word Algebra.

The Romans, who succeeded the Greeks as the chief civilized power in Europe, failed to set store on their literary and scientific treasures; mathematics was all but neglected; and beyond a few improvements in arithmetical computations, there are no material advances to be recorded. Addition was indicated by placing the numbers side by side, subtraction by placing a dot over the subtrahend, and division by placing the divisor below the dividend, similar to our notation but without the bar.

The Arabs would eventually replace spelled out numbers (e.g. The following problem is typical: Note that except for 2/3, for which a special symbol existed, the Egyptians expressed all fractional quantities using only unit fractions, that is, fractions bearing the numerator 1.

) d −

He also developed the concepts of the maxima and minima of curves in order to solve cubic equations which may not have positive solutions. d Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Other writers have derived the word from the Arabic particle al (the definite article), and gerber, meaning "man." The deficiencies of the Greek symbolism were partially remedied; subtraction was denoted by placing a dot over the subtrahend; multiplication, by placing bha (an abbreviation of bhavita, the "product") after the factom; division, by placing the divisor under the dividend; and square root, by inserting ka (an abbreviation of karana, irrational) before the quantity. a Mayan Mathematics Then 6 results.

[32], The Precious Mirror opens with a diagram of the arithmetic triangle (Pascal's triangle) using a round zero symbol, but Chu Shih-chieh denies credit for it.

{\displaystyle \ d} 2 She authored the forward for "The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Crusades.

The unknown was called yavattavat, and if there were several, the first took this appellation, and the others were designated by the names of colours; for instance, x was denoted by ya and y by ka (from kalaka, black).

India is a respectable country, with many contributions toward mathematics and science, but they cannot take credit for the creation of algebra.

(

I posted some links to videos which are detailed with khawrzimi being the father of algebra. "[85], Nevertheless, the Hispano-Arabic hypothesis continues to have a presence in popular culture today. That is the earliest known algebra book. = You people have no shame! ) Knowledge is bestowed by God. Bhaskara (1114-c. 1185) Sumerian/Babylonian Mathematics

1 Instead of looking at the LATEST evidence, you just want to hold on to some inaccurate information. 930)

According to one history, "[i]t is not certain just what the terms al-jabr and muqabalah mean, but the usual interpretation is similar to that implied in the previous translation. Even the word “algebra” comes from the Arab word “al-Jabr”. These propositions and their results are the geometric equivalents of our modern symbolic algebra and trigonometry.

The historian of mathematics F. Woepcke, in Extrait du Fakhri, traité d'Algèbre par Abou Bekr Mohammed Ben Alhacan Alkarkhi (Paris, 1853), praised Al-Karaji for being "the first who introduced the theory of algebraic calculus".

x

d

In the 13th century, the solution of a cubic equation by Fibonacci is representative of the beginning of a revival in European algebra.

Algebra, branch of mathematics in which arithmetical operations and formal manipulations are applied to abstract symbols rather than specific numbers.

Upon return to the Arab countries, they started teaching it and subsequently this guy Al Jabr wrote this book and and everyone accredited him to be the founder of Algebra.

[49] Many of these Greek works were translated by Thabit ibn Qurra (826–901), who translated books written by Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius, Ptolemy, and Eutocius. English translations of the mathematical chapters of the Brahma-siddhanta and Siddhanta-ciromani by H. T. Colebrooke (1817), and of the Surya-siddhanta by E. Burgess, with annotations by W. D. Whitney (1860), may be consulted for details. m . Required fields are marked *. 2 [36] Also, no general method may be abstracted from all Diophantus' solutions. The four elements, called heaven, earth, man and matter, represented the four unknown quantities in his algebraic equations.

=

Your claim that Indus civilizations are OLD thus the source of Algebra is juvenile at best. {\displaystyle \ d} As the Islamic world was declining after the 15th century, the European world was ascending.

Some of them, they haven’t even tested yet for the age. Sankara Varman (fl. The starting point for a problem could be relations involving specific numbers and the unknown, or its square, or systems of such relations. x + x1 = m1 = [63] And even though al-Khwarizmi most likely knew of Brahmagupta's work, Al-Jabr is fully rhetorical with the numbers even being spelled out in words. [14], Furthermore, there are also geometric solutions given to many equations. = You have no clue what you are talking about. Hellenistic Mathematics

There were even students from China studying in Nalanda University in the early part of the first millennium. Leibniz realized that the coefficients of a system of linear equations could be arranged into an array, now called a matrix, which can be manipulated to find the solution of the system, if any. , [2], Algebra did not always make use of the symbolism that is now ubiquitous in mathematics; instead, it went through three distinct stages. Egyptian Mathematics

[65] The Egyptian mathematician Abū Kāmil Shujā ibn Aslam (c. 850–930) was the first to accept irrational numbers (often in the form of a square root, cube root or fourth root) as solutions to quadratic equations or as coefficients in an equation. Another Hellenistic mathematician who contributed to the progress of algebra was Hero of Alexandria, as did the Indian Brahmagupta in his book Brahmasphutasiddhanta. Even the number system, base 10 system, is Indian. Algebra is a branch of math where you to use symbols, usually letters of the alphabet, to solve problems. He is known for having written Arithmetica, a treatise that was originally thirteen books but of which only the first six have survived. {\displaystyle a^{2}-b^{2}=(a+b)(a-b)} In between the rhetorical and syncopated stages of symbolic algebra, a geometric constructive algebra was developed by classical Greek and Vedic Indian mathematicians in which algebraic equations were solved through geometry. So, can we say that Gupta got his math from them? [46] He was the first to give a general solution to the linear Diophantine equation ax + by = c, where a, b, and c are integers. (

The dots over the numbers indicate subtraction. [6], The Rhind Papyrus, also known as the Ahmes Papyrus, is an ancient Egyptian papyrus written c. 1650 BC by Ahmes, who transcribed it from an earlier work that he dated to between 2000 and 1800 BC.

− q n "[1] The term is used by al-Khwarizmi to describe the operations that he introduced, "reduction" and "balancing", referring to the transposition of subtracted terms to the other side of an equation, that is, the cancellation of like terms on opposite sides of the equation. You aren’t even looking at the evidence. x + x2 = m2 [14] Today, using modern symbolic algebra, we let symbols represent known and unknown magnitudes (i.e.

Despite its grounding in practical affairs, this book is the primary source that contributed to the development of the algebraic system that we know today. For example, x + y = z or b - 2 = 5 are algebraic equations, but 2 + 3 = 5 and 73 * 46 = 3,358 are not.

And it makes sense.

In the preface to his Arithmeticae libri duo et totidem Algebrae (1560) he says: "The name Algebra is Syriac, signifying the art or doctrine of an excellent man.

Origin of the Word Algebra.

The Romans, who succeeded the Greeks as the chief civilized power in Europe, failed to set store on their literary and scientific treasures; mathematics was all but neglected; and beyond a few improvements in arithmetical computations, there are no material advances to be recorded. Addition was indicated by placing the numbers side by side, subtraction by placing a dot over the subtrahend, and division by placing the divisor below the dividend, similar to our notation but without the bar.

The Arabs would eventually replace spelled out numbers (e.g. The following problem is typical: Note that except for 2/3, for which a special symbol existed, the Egyptians expressed all fractional quantities using only unit fractions, that is, fractions bearing the numerator 1.

) d −

He also developed the concepts of the maxima and minima of curves in order to solve cubic equations which may not have positive solutions. d Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Other writers have derived the word from the Arabic particle al (the definite article), and gerber, meaning "man." The deficiencies of the Greek symbolism were partially remedied; subtraction was denoted by placing a dot over the subtrahend; multiplication, by placing bha (an abbreviation of bhavita, the "product") after the factom; division, by placing the divisor under the dividend; and square root, by inserting ka (an abbreviation of karana, irrational) before the quantity. a Mayan Mathematics Then 6 results.

[32], The Precious Mirror opens with a diagram of the arithmetic triangle (Pascal's triangle) using a round zero symbol, but Chu Shih-chieh denies credit for it.

{\displaystyle \ d} 2 She authored the forward for "The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Crusades.

The unknown was called yavattavat, and if there were several, the first took this appellation, and the others were designated by the names of colours; for instance, x was denoted by ya and y by ka (from kalaka, black).